Agreement dated 1st December 1841The Grand Junction Railway Company and The Manchester and Birmingham Railway Company
n.p. n.p.. 1841.
Fourteen sheets of vellum with fine 19th century law copyist's italic handwriting. 715x570mm. The sheets are bound together at the foot of each sheet with green ribbon and thread. The seals of the two companies (on red wax) are present and intact although slightly cracked as to be expected. The document is in lovely condition, clean, fresh and clear.
This is an agreement between The Grand Junction Railway Company and The Manchester and Birmingham Railway Company. It dates from comparatively early in the days of railway construction and use when many different companies were vying for new lines. It requires the Manchester and Birmingham Railway Company to complete, open and maintain the Manchester and Birmingham Railway from Manchester to the Grand Junction Railway at Crewe and then use it for their trains. This document represents an important moment in the development of railways in the North Midlands and the North West and, in particular the plan to extend rail traffic between Birmingham and Manchester. After a long and drawn out process (including twenty three days of Parliamentary business to deal with the large number of objections), a deal was reached in October 1839 under which the Grand Junction Company agreed to run its traffic through Crewe (which was, of course, to become a hugely important junction and centre of the rail industry). The Manchester and Birmingham Company committed itself to the construction of the Crewe branch. This document is that agreement. It also contains, as a schedule, the 1839 agreement. The document sets out the charges for passengers and freight (given in price per hundredweight). An important document from the Wild West days of railway development. By 1846, both these companies (together with several others) had been amalgamated into the London and North West Railway Company.